A short circuit occurs when an accidental connection is created between a neutral wire or the ground in a circuit. If you notice fuses being repeatedly blown or a circuit breaker trips frequently, it could be a sign of a short circuit. You may also hear loud, popping noises when the circuit is activated.
By resolving the short circuit as soon as possible, you’ll reduce the likelihood of deteriorating wire and its insulation, and prevent the breaker from causing a fire.
Below you’ll find the steps on how to find a short circuit with a multimeter.
Step 1. Check your equipment
The first thing you’ll need to do to find a short circuit is to look for physical signs. This may include visible burns or metal on wires, burning smells, or flickering lights. Once you’ve identified a potential short, use your multimeter to confirm the voltage by setting it to resistance or continuity setting.
If you notice a lower-than-expected resistance, then that’s a clear indication that current is being diverted away from the area, and there’s a short circuit.
Step 2. Test and Repair
After you’ve confirmed the source of the short circuit, make sure that you shut off the power to the electrical circuit by turning off the circuit breaker. You should then switch the multimeter from the resistance setting to AC volts and insert the metal probes into the problem receptacle or switch.
Your multimeter should show zero volts. That indicates that there’s no power running through the electrical circuit. If, for some reason, there is voltage present, you’ll have to find the right circuit breaker and repeat the procedure to verify that there isn’t any current in the electrical circuit.
Step 3. Check terminal boxes
Now that there’s no power in the electrical circuit, you can switch the multimeter to ohms and check the wires. If your multimeter shows infinite ohms or OL, then that means that the breaker could have deteriorated and tripped from a lower current flow. In this case, you need to access the main panel and replace it.
If the multimeter shows continuity, there is a short circuit. It could be caused by a faulty breaker, broken wire, or a faulty receptacle or switch. To resolve the short circuit, replace the defective receptacle or switch. If you still get a continuity reading on your multimeter, be sure to inspect all the wires to ensure none of them show bare copper that could touch somewhere and short out. If everything is okay, screw the cables back to their original terminal, and then reinstall them in the box with the wall plate.
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Fixing short circuits can be dangerous if you don’t follow the right procedures. Simutech Multimedia’s training system covers the best practices for troubleshooting a variety of electrical faults you may encounter in your manufacturing environment. You’ll learn how to find a short circuit with a multimeter in a completely safe, 3D environment. Book your demo today to get started!